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Re: Thoughts on increasing MTUs on the internet
owner-nanog@xxxxxxxxx wrote on 04/12/2007 04:05:43 PM:
> On Thu, 12 Apr 2007, Joe Loiacono wrote:
> > Large MTUs enable significant throughput performance enhancements for
> > large data transfers over long round-trip times (RTTs.) The original
> This is solved by increasing TCP window size, it doesn't depend very much
> on MTU.
Window size is of course critical, but it turns out that MTU also impacts rates (as much as 33%, see below):
Rate = ----- * -------
MSS = Maximum Segment Size
RTT = Round Trip Time
P = packet loss
Mathis, et. al. have 'verified the model through both simulation and live Internet measurements.'
"This is shown to be the case in Anand and Hartner's "TCP/IP Network Stack Performance in Linux Kernel 2.4 and 2.5" in Proceedings of the Ottawa Linux Symposium, 2002. Their experience was that a machine using a 1500 byte MTU could only reach 750Mbps whereas the same machine configured with 9000 byte MTUs handsomely reached 1Gbps."
AARnet - Australia's Academic and Research Network
> Larger MTU is better for devices that for instance do per-packet
> interrupting, like most endsystems probably do. It doesn't increase
> long-RTT transfer performance per se (unless you have high packetloss
> because you'll slow-start more efficiently).
> Mikael Abrahamsson email: swmike@xxxxxxxxx