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Re: [dns-operations] Web Proxy Auto-Discovery (WPAD) Information Disclosure (fwd)
I was told I should care about smaller entities that ccTLDs on this, so here is a forward to NANOG of a discussion on DNS-operations.
On Tue, 4 Dec 2007, Rickard Dahlstrand wrote:
Gadi Evron wrote:http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/advisory/945713.mspx
What's the problem with the search algorithm?
When IE 5 starts, it will begin searching for a WPAD server, if it is configured to use WPAD. It starts the search by adding the hostname "WPAD" to current fully-qualified domain name. For instance, a client in a.b.Microsoft.com would search for a WPAD server at wpad.a.b.microsoft.com. If it could not locate one, it would remove the bottom-most domain and try again; for instance, it would try wpad.b.microsoft.com next. IE 5 would stop searching when it found a WPAD server or reached the third-level domain, wpad.microsoft.com.
The algorithm stops at the third level in order to not search outside of the current network. However, for international sites, this is not sufficient, because third-level domains can be outside the current network. For example, if the network at xyz.com.au did not have a WPAD server, the search algorithm eventually would reach wpad.com.au, which is an external network name. If the owner of wpad.com.au set up a WPAD server, he or she could provide chosen proxy server configuration settings to the clients at xyz.com.au. For that matter, any network in com.au that didn't have its own WPAD server but did have WPAD enabled in its web clients also would also resolve to wpad.com.au.
From the FAQ for the 1999 fix...
It is quite possible, and we can assume (until someone tells us they know), that they fixed it for ccTLDs as well, and then re-introduced the flaw somehow.
(BeauButler?: I have registered wpad.co.nz, and do not intend to be 'really nasty'. I am collecting the 404 logs with the intention to produce some nice charts, hoever. Also, the wpad organisational-boundaries bug appears to have resurfaced in Internet Explorer 7!!)
Beau Bulter is the guy who got all the press by talking about this at kiwicon last week:
This is the story that got Microsoft's attention:
Which is where Beau says there are ~160,000 exploitable machines in NZ alone. He would *supposedly* know since he has the wpad.co.nz domain.
Whether it is a major issue or not, misconfigurations happens, heck, shit happens. I'd think we should watch for this and get that domain registered/monitored at different ccTLDs.